Trafalgar Square is visited by over 15 million people each year, it is named after the Battle at the Cape of Trafalgar in 1805. Where Vice Admiral Horatio Lord Nelson (1758-1805) defeated Napoleon (1769-1821).
There are four statues in total these are of Lord Nelson, King George IV (1762-1830), Sir Charles James Napier (1782–1853) and Major General Sir Henry Havelock (1795-1857).
Lord Nelson statue was erected in 1840, the four lions are made from melted French and Spanish cannons captured during the Battle of Trafalgar. In 1896 it was struck by lightning and part of his shoulder came off.
King George IV was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1820 to 1830, the statue was erected in 1844.
Sir Charles James Napier was General of the British Empire and the Commander in Chief in India, the statue was erected in 1855.
Major General Sir Henry Havelock served in the first Burmese War (1824–6), the Afghan War (1838–42), and the Sikh War (1845–6), the statue was erected in 1861.
Where is Trafalgar Square? It is a 3 minute walk from Charing Cross Station in zone 1. Charing Cross serves the Northern, Bakerloo lines.
What is nearby on foot? National Gallery 3 mins, National Portrait Gallery 1 min, St Martin in the fields 1 min, Buckingham Palace 6 mins, St James Park 7 mins.
Did you know? Lord Nelson was the youngest ever Royal Navy Captain starting his Naval career at the age of 12, his coffin lies inside a sarcophagus at St Paul’s Cathedral.